AM General LLC , headquartered in South Bend, Ind., with major facilities in nearby Mishawaka, Ind., Livonia, Mich., Franklin, Ohio, and offices in Arlington, Va., designs, engineers, manufactures, supplies and supports specialized vehicles for commercial and military customers.
The AM General business units also include three wholly owned subsidiaries, diesel engine manufacturer General Engine Products, automatic transmission manufacturer General Transmission Products, and Mobility Ventures which offers the MV-1, a purpose-built wheelchair accessible vehicle.
As original designer and manufacturer of the famous HMMWV (Humvee®) and HUMMER® H1 vehicles, AM General has more than six decades of experience meeting the changing needs of the defense and automotive industries, supported by approximately 1,500 employees at its major facilities, and a strong supplier base that stretches across 43 states.
Internationally, AM General is the premier provider of tactical wheeled vehicle solutions, with more than 48,000 Humvees in use in more than 60 countries worldwide. For nearly 30-years the Humvee has been in continuous production and has proven to be the vehicle of choice for a wide range of geographic and mission profiles. It remains an innovative, cost-effective mobility solution, tailored to client needs.
Included in the roster of its more than 60 global customers are Iraq and Afghanistan, where AM General has been at the forefront in supporting the U.S. in the establishment of strong and mobile local forces.
Other AM General products include the Right Hand Drive Humvee (RHD), the Modernized Light Tactical Vehicle (MLTV), the Modernized HMMWV Chassis and the Mobility Ventures MV-1.
The HMMWV is the world’s preeminent all-terrain Light Tactical Vehicle (LTV). The HMMWV is the centerpiece of a modernizing military’s vehicular force, which requires flexible, off-the-shelf, multi¬use platforms as the core of a medium-weight force capable of rapid deployment. The HMMWV has unmatched mobility with its full-time four wheel drive, independent suspension, 60 percent slope climbing capability, 30 inch water fording capability, 2 inch vertical step climb and 16 inch ground clearance. Additionally, the HMMWV has unmatched versatility due to its multipurpose platform, its differing configurations, and the fact that it is air droppable and air transportable in C-130. More than 65 combat and combat support systems have been fielded on HMMWVs. Given the performance characteristics of the vehicle, there are few, if any, competitive vehicles available in the defense and commercial segments. As a result of its military heritage and leadership in terms of quality, toughness and reliability, the HMMWV enjoys strong brand name recognition and loyalty among military personnel. The vehicle is widely recognized as the industry standard for LTVs. HMMWV is truly a global brand with sales to over 60 countries and government organizations.
AM General has produced more than 300,000 HMMWVs and is the sole system technical support provider. AM General has a history of foreign orders of over 70,000 vehicles. The Company sells HMMWVs in various configurations to the military services of foreign nations through the U.S. Government’s Foreign Military Sales ("FMS") program and its direct sales force and local representatives. The FMS program is part of the U.S. Government’s security assistance program, which provides equipment and services to more than 60 nations and international organizations.
Today, there are approximately 230,000 HMMWVs currently in vehicle fleets around the world. Of those 230,000, approximately 160,000 HMMWV’s are currently in service as part of U.S. Army, Marine Corps, Reserves and National Guard fleets. Consider that even if the recently awarded Joint Light Tactical Vehicle program is fielded to its current projected U.S. fleet number of 55,000 vehicles, there will still be two HMMWVs for every one JLTV in the field.
HMMWV Modernization Through Public-Private Partnership
AM General has worked closely with National Guard leadership to demonstrate the Guard’s urgent and compelling need to fund the modernization of the National Guard HMMWV fleet as more than 60-percent of their HMMWV fleet is over 20 years old.
In a first of a kind public-private partnership between the National Guard Bureau and Red River Army Depot, AM General provides upgraded and enhanced capability HMMWVs for National Guard units nationwide. Developed to address the rapidly aging National Guard HMMWV fleet, these like-new vehicles have upgraded engines, improved suspension systems, and state-of-the-art transmissions. Other enhancements include 13 additional gallons of fuel capacity, built-in redundancy between main vehicle brakes and the parking brake and a geared drive cooling fan for the most rugged off-road scenarios and high output air conditioning.
Through the partnership with AM General, Red River is responsible for disassembly and demilitarization of the HMMWV chassis. Following the disassembly process, the HMMWV body is completely reworked using the National Guard’s feedback, including adding armor. Once the body has been recapitalized including multiple Quality Inspection stations, it is then shipped to the AM General plant in Mishawaka, Indiana, where the body is married to a brand new chassis.
These improvements give our National Guard soldiers the durability, reliability and modern systems they demand for both enhanced training as well as effectively responding to their ever-growing homeland mission.
Right Hand Drive (RHD) HMMWV
AM General’s Right Hand Drive is an expanded-capability HMMWV, now re-engineered for the 70-plus countries where vehicles are driven on the left side of the road. Built to the same rigid performance requirements of the U.S. military, it delivers the quality, mobility, and durability valued by the 60 nations already operating HMMWVs in their military and homeland security forces. To ensure availability, right hand drive HMMWVs can be purchased through both direct military sales and U.S. Foreign Military Sales.
AM General’s entrance into the right hand marketplace demonstrates the commitment and engineering excellence as well as full service and support to exceed the expectations of international customers.
The Right Hand Drive vehicle, developed by AM General’s engineering and design team, brings with it the same unsurpassed performance, mobility, reliability and quality that has made the HMMWV Family of Vehicles famous across the globe. Strict Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) processes throughout development have resulted in the best right hand drive light tactical vehicle available today. The HMMWV already is the core light tactical vehicle of every U.S. armed service and is employed by the military forces of more than 60 other nations. The HMMWV RHD Family of Vehicles gives additional international customers the opportunity to integrate the HMMWV into their defense and security forces and take advantage of its versatility, affordability, and ease of maintenance.
M-1165 2.0 DRGN-V
Available in both left and right hand drive, the light, speedy and maneuverable Deployable Reconnaissance Ground Network-Vehicle (DRGN-V) incorporates AM General’s more than 50 years of expertise and experience in designing, developing and manufacturing Light Tactical Vehicles (LTVs), taking lessons learned from the battlefield and the commercial automotive industry and delivering it in an outstanding LTV package. The DRGN-V is specifically designed for international rapidly deployable forces, boarder surveillance, reconnaissance and interdiction missions. Utilizing groundbreaking technologies for greater performance and mission flexibility, AM General’s innovative M-1165 2.0 DRGN-V solution demonstrates unmatched power and mobility. Because of its narrow 2.0 meter width and light weight, the vehicle is specifically designed to be deployed quickly from inside a cargo helicopter, and maneuver through tight urban and harsh jungle and desert environments. The DRGN-V is a platform that is extremely flexible and can be quickly configured to meet a multitude of varying mission requirements. It has approximately 70 percent parts commonality with the current HMMWV family of vehicles, which significantly reduces expenses for parts, maintenance and training at a time of increasing pressure on defense budgets around the world.
The Modernized Light Tactical Vehicle (MLTV)
The Modernized Light Tactical Vehicle (MLTV) is another of AM General’s international offerings. The MLTV is equipped with NATO and European Standard EN-level armor protection that is scalable to meet differing mission requirements. Its adaptable and scalable armor protection is tailorable to meet specific mission requirements. The MLTV is equipped with a best-in-class, fuel-efficient engine with high horsepower-to-weight ratio, matched with a durable transmission for extreme off-road capabilities. Its chassis and suspension systems are optimized to provide maximum payloads for armor protection and combat/combat support systems.
Advanced Life Support Ambulance
AM General’s newly developed Advanced Life Support Ambulance, designed for a variety of U.S. and international customer’s domestic and expeditionary medical missions, is one example of the modularity and flexibility of a HMMWV platform. The new ambulance incorporates unique features including a powered litter lift system; individual ambulatory patient seating; built-in heating and cooling system; LED interior lighting; optimized storage for medical equipment and ease-of-access to meet the latest medical mission doctrine. The optional ambulance armor kit complements the versatility and other mobility advantages of the HMMWV by being available as either factory or field installable, increasing protection to meet customer unique demands.
Ground Mobility Vehicle (GMV)
AM General’s Ground Mobility Vehicle is specifically designed for the expeditionary missions of light forces. The military grade, mission-ready vehicles are internal and external Air Transport compliant, with seating available for nine occupants. Available in both left and right hand drive, the light, speedy and maneuverable GMV is fully modular and incorporates AM General’s unmatched expertise and experience by applying lessons learned from the battlefield and commercial off-roading to the design, integration and manufacture of light tactical vehicles.
Modernized HMMWV Chassis
The AM General Modernized HMMWV Chassis program is designed for HMMWVs that will continue to be in the U.S. and international military fleets for 30-plus years. AM General’s modernized chassis has been upgraded after 10 years of R&D investment to support heavier vehicle operating weights, thereby increasing payload capacity and at the same time providing full crew protection with modular and scalable kitted armor. Additionally, the upgraded cooling system provides higher cooling capacity to ensure the HMMWV will meet or exceed all operational requirements at a heavier operating weight and in significantly higher temperature environments. These improvements have resulted in not only a more capable vehicle, but also a more durable and reliable one.
Service Parts Logistics Operations (SPLO)
AM General’s SPLO provides award-winning worldwide supply chain management and field service support, dealer and technician training, advanced driver training, warranty support, customer satisfaction analysis, and on-site warehousing and parts support at strategic locations – from military depots to overseas locations. In the past 12 months, SPLO has shipped millions of certified line-item parts worldwide for HMMWV fleets in 21 nations in addition to U.S. armed forces. SPLO has provided specialized instruction to thousands of international students from 12 countries and has deployed its field service representatives to 23 countries. Our field service representatives provide up-to-date technical expertise and "hands on training" to operators, technicians and military instructors.
SPLO also provides global support for optimizing total life cycle performance through maintenance planning, interactive technical manuals, and other services for HMMWVs and other military systems. SPLO facilities in Indiana include an administrative center for order processing and a 300,000 square-foot warehouse that stocks, packs and ships thousands of parts around the world. SPLO supports and supplies more than 30,000 part numbers and carries an on-hand inventory of more than 15,000 part numbers. Facilities include a 320-acre off-road training course, classrooms for instruction, hands-on technical training bays, and a driving simulator to serve U.S. and international customers. AM General’s SPLO earned the Defense Logistics Agency’s Outstanding Readiness Support Award in the large business category for outstanding support to on-going U.S. military operations.
Integrated Logistics Support (ILS)
AM General’s ILS Team provides global support to optimize total life-cycle performance. Areas of expertise include maintenance planning, manpower, personnel and human factors, military packaging, interactive technical manuals with Class V diagnostics, spare/repair-parts provisioning, new equipment fielding support, and training and design interface and integration. This team supports the HMMWV family of vehicles plus the U.S. military’s medium and heavy tactical trucks, bridging equipment, mine-detection vehicles, petroleum and water supply systems, and other equipment.
System Technical Support (STS)
AM General’s STS team has demonstrated its ability to support virtually any system, having received a multitude of engineering contracts from both the U.S. government and private industry alike over the past 40 years. This support ranges from engineering design concept and stress analysis to prototype development, production planning, and legacy support.
Mobility Ventures / MV-1
Mobility Ventures LLC, designer and manufacturer of the acclaimed MV-1, the only American made vehicle specifically engineered from the ground up in support of wheelchair users and people with disabilities, unveiled its revolutionary new 2016 MV-1 model in July. 2015.
The MV-1 is redefining accessible transportation with a built-in side-entry power ramp, ample head room, and seating for up to five which includes the ability to safely accommodate two wheelchair users at a time—one of whom rides in the front and the other in the spacious passenger area —making it the perfect solution for consumers, commercial use, and government fleets. And at Mobility Ventures, safety comes first. The MV-1 safety record is unmatched by any wheelchair accessible vehicle, based on federal NHTSA safety recall data for aftermarket conversion vans. Additionally, the MV-1 meets all Buy America requirements. Mobility Ventures LLC is a subsidiary of AM General.
Mercedes-Benz R-Class / Contract Manufacturing
In January, 2015, AM General and Mercedes-Benz U.S. International, Inc., announced that Mercedes-Benz had selected AM General to manufacture the Mercedes-Benz R-Class luxury vehicle at AM General’s world-class 675,000 square-foot Commercial Assembly Plant. Because of increasing demand for its Sport Utility Vehicles and the need for greater production capacity in the U.S, Mercedes-Benz moved its production of the R-Class from its Tuscaloosa, Ala. plant to AM General’s Commercial Assembly Plant in Mishawaka, Ind.
Under the multi-year agreement, AM General is now Mercedes-Benz’s first and only contract manufacturing operator in the U.S. In August 2015, AM General rolled its first Mercedes-Benz R-Class off the line at its state-of¬the-art commercial vehicle assembly plant in Mishawaka, Ind.
General Engine Products (GEP)
As a wholly owned subsidiary of AM General, GEP produces the OPTIMIZER 6500, 205 HP, V-8 diesel engine and the OPTIMIZER 3200, 250 HP, V-8 diesel engine at its 92,000-squarefeet, Franklin, Ohio assembly plant. These engines can be found in new military HMMWVs, in civilian HUMMER® H1s, as a service replacement engine for numerous vehicles and in marine applications and future projects. GEP’s modern engine facility has been operating since July 2000.
General Transmission Products (GTP)
GTP is the second addition to AM General’s subsidiaries. GTP produces the 4L80E transmission, formally manufactured by General Motors Powertrain. The 4L80E is a mainstay in both military and commercial vehicles and is produced to the Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM) specifications.
Legacy of Innovation
With a legacy dating back to America’s first 4-wheel drive utility vehicle - the Willys Jeep of World War II -- AM General is best known today for its global leadership in the design, production and support of the High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV or Humvee), recognized as the most versatile, dependable and mobile light tactical vehicle in the world. HMMWVs perform logistics, combat support, disaster relief and many other roles for the U.S. armed services and more than 60 international military forces. AM General provides engineering, parts and logistical support for HMMWVs worldwide, including combat theaters and Army and Marine bases, reserve and National Guard centers, and military depots where HMMWVs are rebuilt and refitted to continue serving multiple missions.
Unparalleled in the history of U.S. military procurement, the HMMWV illustrates AM General’s ability to adapt a military vehicle to meet changing requirements on the battlefield. AM General combines innovative design, skilled engineering, new technologies and state-of-the-art manufacturing to transform the HMMWV from a capable logistics truck to an armored combat workhorse supporting more than 70 mission profiles in the world’s most extreme environments.
The history of AM General stretches back to the transitions from horse-drawn carriage to the early car, and makes the company one of the long-standing pillars of the American automobile industry.
The innovations AM General contributes to the American automobile industry include a Central Tire Inflation System used on 5-ton trucks featuring driver-activated dashboard controls that alter tire pressure to suit terrain conditions while the vehicle is in motion.
For the HMMWV program, AM General developed unique geared hubs to double the torque available to the wheel without the size and weight that otherwise would be required. AM General also pioneered the use of modular armor that can be augmented or removed to support a variety of missions in a wide range of scenarios to meet the U.S. military’s evolving needs, transforming the original 1¼ ton payload truck into an armored expanded-capacity vehicle for payloads up to 5,100 pounds and a gross vehicle weight rating up to 13,100 pounds. The U.S. Army adopted this approach for other current and future military vehicles, including the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle.
On the support front, AM General’s innovations include classroom instruction for military teams, a test track, and 180-acres of off-road trails and obstacle training at its Chippewa facility in South Bend, Ind. For example, in a five-day Advanced Mobility/Maintenance/ Battle Damage Assessment and Repair (BDAR) course, military students learn how to maximize the off-road capabilities of HMMWVs with advanced mobility driving techniques, field vehicle recovery, and battle damage repair techniques. AM General also developed a "Customer Pay" program that ensured parts needed for refurbished and rebuilt HMMWVs were received at military depot assembly lines at the right time, with AM General shouldering responsibility for inventory and supply chain management and without the need for stockpiling parts. According to the Army, this yielded a savings of 6.6 to 8.7 percent on each vehicle by reducing unneeded spare parts purchases and nearly eliminating production line interruptions.
The history of AM General stretches back to the transitions from horse-drawn carriage to the early car, and makes the company one of the long-standing pillars of the American automobile industry. Historic milestones include:
|1903:||The Standard Wheel Company of Terre Haute, Ind. expands its bicycle operation to manufacture motor vehicles, starting with the Overland "Runabout."|
|1940:||The Willys Jeep, America’s first 4-wheel-drive quarter-ton tactical utility truck, is designed and manufactured for the U.S. military, leading to the production of more than 630,000 vehicles between 1940 and 1985.|
|1960:||Bid is won to develop and produce a half-ton delivery van for the U.S. Postal Service. More than 14,000 of these half-ton vehicles are produced, to be followed by more than 150,000 quarter-ton "Dispatcher" vehicles for USPS, police departments, utility companies and small package delivery firms.|
|1964:||Nearly 112,000 5-ton and 150,000 2 1/2-ton trucks are produced for the armed forces of the free world.|
|1983:||Initial U.S. Army contract is won to produce 55,000 HMMWVs in five basic models and 15 different configurations over a five-year period. More than 280,000 HMMWVs are produced by 2012, including the fully armored models needed for combat in Iraq and Afghanistan.|
|1992:||AM General introduces the HUMMER as "the world’s most serious 4x4" after its military cousin, the HMMWV, receives acclaim in Operation Desert Storm.|
|1999:||The HUMMER brand is acquired by General Motors. AM General continues to assemble and maintain parts, training and warranty support of the HUMMER H1 under contract.|
|2002:||AM General begins assembling the HUMMER H2 for GM in a new, state-of-the-art commercial manufacturing center in Mishawaka, Ind.|
|2005:||To meet requests for increasing numbers of armored HMMWVs for U.S. military forces, AM General begins production-line installation of modular armor in a dedicated 75,000-square foot armor assembly building adjacent to the HMMWV plant.|
|2008:||The AM General and General Dynamics Land Systems joint venture, General Tactical Vehicles, wins one of three contracts to develop the next-generation JLTV.|
|2012:||U.S. Government selects AM General’s JLTV proposal for a $64.5 million Engineering, Manufacturing and Development (EMD) phase contract.|
|2013:||AM General delivers 22 BRV-Os and associated trailers ahead of schedule to the U.S. Government for a full complement of testing in the EMD phase.|
|2013:||AM General announces agreement leading to ownership and control of the vehicle production group (VPG) to revitalize VPG and form a new company called "Mobility Ventures LLC"|
|2013:||MV-1 producer Mobility Ventures LLC obtains member status with the National Mobility Equipment Dealers Association|
|2015:||AM General and Mercedes-Benz U.S. International, Inc., announced that Mercedes-Benz had selected AM General to manufacture the Mercedes-Benz R-Class luxury vehicle|
|2015:||AM General rolls its first Mercedes-Benz R-Class luxury vehicle off its commercial assembly plant production line|
Focus On Quality
AM General is a recognized leader in high-quality manufacturing. The tenets of LEAN manufacturing have been embraced throughout the company for greater efficiency. The company’s vehicle assembly plants achieved ISO 9001:2000 registration from the Quality Management Institute (QMI), an internationally recognized independent registrar company. The HMMWV was the first tactical military vehicle to meet this standard, designated by the U.S. Department of Defense as the quality system of choice for its suppliers.
Similarly, AM General’s engine manufacturing subsidiary, General Engine Products, is registered to QS-9000: 1998. This exceeds ISO standards and encompasses the assembly and distribution of diesel engines produced by GEP.
As such, the Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA) awarded AM General five Honorary Service Awards for exceptional performance in meeting cost, delivery and performance requirements for the HMMWV program in recognition of the company’s manufacturing prowess. During an award ceremony, senior DCMA representatives cited the quality of the latest-model armored HMMWV and the company’s commitment to constant improvement of the vehicle through interaction with the customer, including warfighters in the field. AM General was the first civilian contractor to receive an Honorary Service Award from the DCMA.
AM General has also received the Defense Logistics Agency’s Outstanding Readiness Support Award in the large business category for outstanding support to on-going U.S. military operations. The award recognized "extraordinary customer support, service and product provided directly in response to a crisis situation," and referenced AM General’s commitment to provide spare parts for the many model and mission variations of the HMMWV operating in Iraq, Afghanistan and other deployed locations. A related DLA news release said: "This performance has been especially important because of the instrumental role the HMMWV is playing in the Global War on Terrorism and other U.S. military missions overseas. The partnership between DLA and AM General has reduced administrative and production lead times, lowered costs, and enabled the partners to develop and test processes and to track performance — all with the goal of providing world-class readiness support to the war-fighter."
In addition to spare parts support, AM General has ensured continuous design improvements accepted by the U.S. military to increase the performance, payload, and crew protection, which rapidly integrated into HMMWVs used by U.S. operating forces overseas. These upgrades include mission-flexible armor protection, improved engine cooling, reinforced suspension to handle increased loads and many others. AM General field service employees work in combat theaters to ensure soldiers, Marines, sailors and airmen have the parts, equipment, guidance and support needed to make such modifications.
AM General is focused on providing this hands-on global support to our military forces, from AM General’s engineering R&D center, to assembly plants, parts warehouses, and depot support facilities.